Exodus means “the going forth”. There are 2 distinct parts: 1st (chapters 1-19) details the circumstances of up to and includes the deliverance of Israel from Egypt. 2nd (chapters 20-40) includes the giving of the Law, and the other institutions that completely organized the people as a holy nation under God Almighty.
The narrative connects with that of Genesis. A considerable amount of time has gone by. The situation of the people of Israel is dramatically different.
There are many smaller sections or sub-divisions. Moses is accepted as author. He also is the central figure and eyewitness to everything recorded in the narrative. This includes descriptions of himself in unique detail. This also included the miracles sent by God, supernaturally.
The narrative also includes details of Egypt: their religion, and practices which Moses was raised with. This was also seen in the making of the Tabernacle: supplies used and skills needed in its construction would have been learned also in Egypt.
The Chronology of Exodus. Exodus 12:40 gives 430 years for the time of the Israelites in Egypt. The approximate date of the beginning of the Exodus was 1490 B.C.
About the author:
T.O.D. taught from Exodus at Paran Baptist Church on Highway 341 / Johnsonville Hwy in Lake City, South Carolina. This commentary is based on the notes he wrote in preparation for the lessons. The author was licensed to preach the Gospel by Paran on May 26, 1979. He has been a student of Scripture since 1972. He was an art teacher for over 30 years in Florence School District 3.